Is there a quantum God? If the primary act of God is the creation of the universe than we should be able to trace the image of/ signature of God in his creation. When we try to unearth an understanding of God from quantum physics, we have a possibility of manifesting God’s action in the universe. Quantum physics with its tilt to mysticism has led to the re-enchantment of the world that has brought God back in the analysis of the foundations of the universe. This is why it may be interesting to discern the overarching image of God emerging from quantum physics.
The quantum physics has displaced the binary logic of Newtonian physics and has challenged us to embrace quantum logic. Quantum logic is a multivalued logic that enables us to embrace diversity, uncertainty and probability. It is based on the assumption that human reason is approximate in nature and there is a continuum between truth and falsity and there is an element of both in everything. This is best captured by what we call fuzzy sets. Fuzzy sets do not draw hard lines but draw curves between A’s and not A’s. Curves take us into the realm of calculus. Metaphors can be thought of as a fuzzy sets as they are multivalent in nature and evoke several meanings in us. This means metaphors are semantically elastic. They can provide soother curve to the truth. Quantum physics challenges us to look at myth, metaphor and analogy in new light. just like mathematics has the power to open another window on the world, fuzzy set theory may provide us an opportunity to open another window in the field of theology. It would bring about a quantum effect in theology and the end result may be a multivalued theology. This would mean we may have a humbling of theology as we had a humbling of physics in the 20th century. Metaphors can give us insight but they can also distort. They have their strengths and limitations. They can assist us to arrive at multiple probabilities and truths in theology at one time.
Image of God from Quantum Physics
We have the challenge to embrace what may be called humility theology. Quantum indeterminacy challenges us to scrutinize our God concepts that we have uncritically assimilated through our linear reason. We are challenged to think God non-linearly through multivalued logic. The fact that quantum entanglement produces the paradox of communication at a distance, some scientists, philosophers of science and mystics have proposed a grand quantum field through which the quantum particles communicate. Some mystics have even identified it with Akasa of the Pancha Maha Bhutas of our Indian tradition. Thus, there is a proposal of information in nature as being dynamic in-formation that forms the quantum world as we attempt to do our measurements. We may think that visible universe of our experience is a quantized form of the grand quantum field. The quantum field theories embrace all reality and attempts to become a theory of everything. This is why some mystically oriented theologians propose that quantum field is a secular term to transcendent mind or God concept. Some even think that it is love at the fuzzy end. Others recall Absolute Spirit of Hegel that actualizes our world. This means although God is thought differently on the basis of quantum theory, we still have a God that is universally interactive ( involving), participatory and creative.
Divine Action and Quantum theory
Quantum theory opens us to God action at the depth of the universe. God acts at the depths through the laws that he has established in the universe. This does not mean that God does not act extraordinarily outside ordinary action that we see in the universe. These extraordinary actions of the divine are called divine miracles. God may act at points of underdetermination in nature to turn events in directions that serves particular purposes of God. This is possible because quantum theory teaches that structures of nature are not closed or determinate like the Newtons Clockwork universe. The quantum physics has shown that we do not have a clockwork universe. The open universe opens possibilities to God to act and lead reality to closures that he intends. Quantum thinking leads us to think that the universe exists for God, in God and of God. Although, it may appear that God is acting in the gaps-of-Quantum theory when we say that he creates and takes reality to its intended closures, it is not so because God is acting at the depths of quantum reality. We do not have God-of-the-Gaps but God-of-the-depths. God at the depths may not be omniscient in the manner we index his knowledge temporally. God is certainly more powerful or omnipotent when he acts through the quantum world since the quantum world is indeterminant and open. Paradoxically, to act through the depths of quantum world, God has to be definitely highly omniscient. We have the challenge to think omniscience and omnipotence beyond their present conceptualizations which are heavily temporally indexed
Quantum Physics enables us to think a Quantum God. God that we quantized or think in the light of quantum physics is not acosmic but is an involving God who participates in the depths of the quantum reality. We have a great challenge to think God beyond the acosmic and temporal index that we have been indulging for a long time.